Mitchell, R.B (2003). International agreements on the environment: an overview of their characteristics, their education and their effects. The Annual Environmental and Resource Review, 28, 429-461. ITTA2 (1994) was developed to ensure that tropical timber exports come from sustainably managed sources by the year 2000 and to create a fund to help tropical timber producers obtain the resources needed to achieve this goal. The mandate of the International Tropical Timber Organization has also been defined. The agreement was opened for signature on 26 January 1994 and came into force on 1 January 1997. Armstrong, G. W. (2004).
The sustainability of the wood supply, given the risk of forest fires. Forest Science, 50 (5), 626-639 Circone, A. E., Urpelainen, J. (2013). Trade sanctions under international environmental policy: deterring or promoting parasitism? Conflict Management and Peace Sciences, 34 (4), 309-334. ITTO`s Economic Information and Market Intelligence Action Programme focuses on improving the flow of tropical wood to producers and consumers; it aims to help Member States understand and exploit tropical timber and other goods and services in tropical forests. The program includes work on timber trade and market data, market access, forest certification, ecosystem services, enforcement of forest legislation and the marketing of tropical timber and non-wood products, including www.itto.int/economic_market/. Jinnah, S. (2011). Strategic links: the evolving role of trade agreements in global environmental policy.
Journal of Environment – Development, 20 (2), 191-215. Borsky, S., Leiter, A., Pfaffermayr, M. (2011). Is green worth it? Analysis of the impact of ITTA on the tropical timber trade. New York: Mimeo. Barrett, P. (1997). The strategy of trade sanctions in international environmental agreements. Resource and energy saving, 19 (4), 345-361. Tropical countries are defined by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, which consider a nation to be tropical if part or all of the land mass lies between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn (Davis et al.
1986). The 1983 International Tropical Timber Agreement (ITTA) is an agreement that provides an effective framework for cooperation between tropical timber producers and consumers and promotes the development of national policies for the sustainable use and conservation of tropical forests and their genetic resources. The International Tropical Timber Organization was created as part of this agreement, which was first opened for signature on November 18, 1983, and entered into force on April 1, 1985. In 1994 (ITTA2) and 2006 (ITTA3), other contracts were concluded with an increasing number of signatories.